Author Topic: Today in history 3-26  (Read 73 times)

0 Members and 1 Guest are viewing this topic.

Offline remrogers

  • FnF Life Member
  • ******
  • Posts: 1393
  • FinsandFur member
Today in history 3-26
« on: March 26, 2020, 09:31:33 AM »
1953
March 26
Dr. Jonas Salk announces polio vaccine

On March 26, 1953, American medical researcher Dr. Jonas Salk announces on a national radio show that he has successfully tested a vaccine against poliomyelitis, the virus that causes the crippling disease of polio. In 1952—an epidemic year for polio—there were 58,000 new cases reported in the United States, and more than 3,000 died from the disease. For promising eventually to eradicate the disease, which is known as “infant paralysis” because it mainly affects children, Dr. Salk was celebrated as the great doctor-benefactor of his time.

Polio, a disease that has affected humanity throughout recorded history, attacks the nervous system and can cause varying degrees of paralysis. Since the virus is easily transmitted, epidemics were commonplace in the first decades of the 20th century. The first major polio epidemic in the United States occurred in Vermont in the summer of 1894, and by the 20th century thousands were affected every year. In the first decades of the 20th century, treatments were limited to quarantines and the infamous “iron lung,” a metal coffin-like contraption that aided respiration. Although children, and especially infants, were among the worst affected, adults were also often afflicted, including future president Franklin D. Roosevelt, who in 1921 was stricken with polio at the age of 39 and was left partially paralyzed. Roosevelt later transformed his estate in Warm Springs, Georgia, into a recovery retreat for polio victims and was instrumental in raising funds for polio-related research and the treatment of polio patients.


Salk, born in New York City in 1914, first conducted research on viruses in the 1930s when he was a medical student at New York University, and during World War II helped develop flu vaccines. In 1947, he became head of a research laboratory at the University of Pittsburgh and in 1948 was awarded a grant to study the polio virus and develop a possible vaccine. By 1950, he had an early version of his polio vaccine.

Salk’s procedure, first attempted unsuccessfully by American Maurice Brodie in the 1930s, was to kill several strains of the virus and then inject the benign viruses into a healthy person’s bloodstream. The person’s immune system would then create antibodies designed to resist future exposure to poliomyelitis. Salk conducted the first human trials on former polio patients and on himself and his family, and by 1953 was ready to announce his findings. This occurred on the CBS national radio network on the evening of March 25 and two days later in an article published in the Journal of the American Medical Association. Dr. Salk became an immediate celebrity.


In 1954, clinical trials using the Salk vaccine and a placebo began on nearly two million American schoolchildren. In April 1955, it was announced that the vaccine was effective and safe, and a nationwide inoculation campaign began. Shortly thereafter, tragedy struck in the Western and mid-Western United States, when more than 200,000 people were injected with a defective vaccine manufactured at Cutter Laboratories of Berkeley, California. Thousands of polio cases were reported, 200 children were left paralyzed and 10 died.

The incident delayed production of the vaccine, but new polio cases dropped to under 6,000 in 1957, the first year after the vaccine was widely available. In 1962, an oral vaccine developed by Polish-American researcher Albert Sabin became available, greatly facilitating distribution of the polio vaccine. Today, there are just a handful of polio cases in the United States every year, and most of these are “imported” by Americans from developing nations where polio is still a problem. Among other honors, Jonas Salk was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1977. He died in La Jolla, California, in 1995.

Offline Okanagan

  • Gold Membership
  • *
  • Posts: 3314
Re: Today in history 3-26
« Reply #1 on: March 26, 2020, 10:41:03 AM »
I remember getting the Salk polio shot as a kid.  It was a HUGE deal to everybody. My sister and I waited with our mother in a line a quarter mile long.  As I recall a vaccination team came to each town for one or two days, and injected every kid in each local area on those days.  In my memory they set up a tent in an open field on the edge of town, the same place where the Ringling Brothers Circus set up when they were in town.

Offline remrogers

  • FnF Life Member
  • ******
  • Posts: 1393
  • FinsandFur member
Re: Today in history 3-26
« Reply #2 on: March 26, 2020, 07:03:11 PM »
I believe we went to the local high school, but then again, I was just a kid.

I have heard that this Covid-19 has an infection rate of 1:3. Meaning that everyone who is infected will pass it on to three others. Spanish Flu has a rate of 1:1 and measles is 1:16. One reason there were as many cases of measles, especially in Washington state last year, was of people Not getting the shots for their children.
« Last Edit: March 26, 2020, 07:09:03 PM by remrogers »

Online pitw

  • Platinum Membership
  • *
  • Posts: 6995
Re: Today in history 3-26
« Reply #3 on: March 26, 2020, 07:27:22 PM »
Still got the scar on my arm. :argh:
I say what I think not think what I say.

Offline remrogers

  • FnF Life Member
  • ******
  • Posts: 1393
  • FinsandFur member
Re: Today in history 3-26
« Reply #4 on: March 27, 2020, 09:47:25 AM »
Never had a scar from polio vaccine, but my mom had a nickle sized one from a small pox shot.

Online pitw

  • Platinum Membership
  • *
  • Posts: 6995
Re: Today in history 3-26
« Reply #5 on: March 27, 2020, 10:47:32 AM »
Never had a scar from polio vaccine, but my mom had a nickle sized one from a small pox shot.

You are right and I'm the usual idiot. :doh2:
I say what I think not think what I say.